After the Kosovo Special Police Force opened fire on the Serbian minority population in northern Kosovo, the US and the EU urge “both sides to engage in continued and lasting de-escalation and to avoid actions that threaten stability ”


After the Kosovo Special Police Force (ROSA) opened fire on unarmed Serbian civilians in northern Kosovo on Wednesday, October 13, 2021, a few days before the local elections, two people were seriously injured and eight received medical assistance. An older woman, Verica djelic 71 years old, died of tear gas that members of the Kosovo Special Police (ROSA) fired at her house.

The head of foreign policy of the European Union Josep borrell last Wednesday called for an immediate end to the violence. “Unilateral and uncoordinated actions that endanger stability are unacceptable,” Borrell said on Twitter.

On the same day, White House spokespersons National Security Council and the State Department told The Pavlovic Today, “The United States calls for calm in response to the events in Kosovo today. We will continue to work with EU and NATO partners to help all parties maintain progress in normalizing relations and reducing tensions.

Today, a week later, on October 20, 2021, a joint statement issued by the US and the EU was addressed to the countries of the Western Balkans. At the same time, Blinken and Borell introduced political bilateralism a week after the Kosovo Special Police Force opened fire on Serbian civilians.

While the US and the EU stress “the importance of the EU-facilitated dialogue as a key mechanism to achieve the overall normalization of relations between Serbia and Kosovo,”There was no mention of the violation of the Brussels Accord on behalf of the Kosovar Albanians and Alban Kurti during the violent events of Wednesday 13 October.

The Brussels Agreement states that there should be a police region in northern Kosovo that reflects the ethnic makeup of the Serbian population and that it will be responsible for police operations in the north. There is also a ROSA unit in northern Kosovo. By sending ROSA from Pristina to northern Kosovo, the ethnic structure was violated and thus the Brussels Accord.

Provision 9 of the Brussels Agreement: There will be a regional police commander for the four predominantly Serb municipalities in the north (Northern Mitrovica, Zvecan, Zubin Potok and Leposavic). The commander of this region will be a Kosovo Serb appointed by the Ministry of Interior from a list provided by the four mayors on behalf of the Community / Association. The composition of the KP in the North will reflect the ethnic makeup of the population of the four municipalities. (There will be another regional commander for the municipalities of Mitrovica Sud, Skenderaj and Vushtrri). The regional commander of the four northern municipalities will cooperate with other regional commanders.

The Brussels Agreement

In their statement of Wednesday, October 20, 2021, Blinken and Borell call for calm and de-escalation while at the same time introducing political bilateralism a week after the violence against Serbian civilians.

After the last weeks of tension in northern Kosovo, we encourage both sides to engage in continued and sustained de-escalation and to avoid actions that threaten stability“, We read in the press release. “We welcome and support Kosovo’s commitment to the fight against corruption and organized crime, and we reaffirm that violence against civilians, journalists, police or other authorities is unacceptable.

The new bilateralism in response to the violent events where an older woman, a civilian, died and ten were injured is unfair and does not recognize the suffering of Serbian civilians or mention what happened to them. Especially since Borell initially recognized “violent incidents” and called “unilateral and uncoordinated actions” “unacceptable” on behalf of the Kosovar Albanians.

According to a doctor Zlatan Elek The Kosovo Special Police (ROSA) shot a Serb civilian in the back, in the area of ​​the right shoulder blade, which the doctor said was completely broken. The patient’s rib was completely broken and his blood vessels in his neck were damaged. He underwent surgery at Mitrovica hospital, doctors removed the bullet, and he was placed in intensive care. Another civilian, according to Dr. Elek, arrived with chest wounds.

According to the doctor, wounded Serbian civilians were injured by rubber bullets, tear gas and “shock bombs”.

Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken meets with European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and European Commission Vice President Josep Borrell at the US Department of State in Washington, DC, on October 14, 2021 (Photo by Freddie Everett)

Following the recent meeting between Secretary Blinken and High Representative Borrell, the US and the EU agreed to further strengthen their joint engagement in the Western Balkans to support the region’s progress on the European path, this which is a positive step. However, the two sides put the Serb minority population in northern Kosovo and the Kosovo special police force on an equal footing, which opened fire on them on Wednesday, October 13.

Blinken and Borell support the EU enlargement process and the EU accession of the Western Balkans. “This region belongs to the European Union,“, They say in the press release. “Closer integration will enhance stability and contribute to the prosperity of the people of the region. In this context, we stress that the accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia should start without delay. ”

At Bosnia herzegovina, Blinken and Borell said that “the United States and the European Union are united in their strong support for the territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as in their joint work to promote electoral and constitutional reform and maintain the functionality of its state institutions. . ”

They added that they “are deeply concerned about the increasingly confrontational rhetoric in Bosnia and Herzegovina.In the joint statement, the United States and the EU “call on all parties to respect and protect state institutions, to resume constructive dialogue and to take steps to move forward on the path to the integration of EU, including on relevant reforms. The EU and the US stand ready to facilitate these steps.

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